Lecturers and Teaching Assistants
Prof. Barak Dayan, Dr. Ephraim Shahmoon
Course Schedule and Location
Wednesday, 11:15 - 13:00, Drori Auditorium
Field of Study, Course Type and Credit Points
Physical Sciences: Lecture; Elective; Regular; 3.00 points
Chemical Sciences: Lecture; Elective; Regular; 3.00 points
- Quantum mechanics of B.Sc. - a must
- Quantum mechanics I of M.Sc. - strongly advised
Attendance and participation
Estimated Weekly Independent Workload (in hours)
This course aims to provide the fundamental tools and concepts of quantum optics – the field that deals with the quantum description of light. Starting from the concept of the photon, the quantization of the electromagnetic fields, nonclassical states of light, quantum entanglement and finally the description of quantium light-matter interactions.
- Brief overview of prerequisite subjects: Fourier, optical modes
- From Maxwell equations to the uantization of the electromagnetic field
- Fock states, coherent states, squeezed states
- Distribution functions in quantum optics (Wigner, P, Q), homodyne
- Coherence and 2nd order correlation functions, Hanbury-Brown and Twiss
- Quantum entanglement and Bell inequalities
- Parametric down-conversion and entangled photons
- Brief overview of applications of quantum entanglement: Quantum Key Distribution and Quantum Computing.
- Light-Matter interactions: Jaynes-Cummings model, Mollow spectrum, Dressed States
- Collective quantum optics, e.g. spin-squeezing, DLCZ
- Cavity-QED in the Strong Coupling and Fast Cavity Regimes, photon-atom gates
- Introduction to open quantum systems and cascaded systems formalism
Upon successful completion of this course students should be able to:
- Use the fundamental concepts and analytic description of quantized light - from classical light (coherent states) to non classical light such as single photons, entangled photons and squeezed vacuum. Understand and be able to use the concepts of coherence, 2nd order coherence, and multi-photon interference.
- Understand and be able to quantify entangled states of light and matter, and be familiar the most common non-classicality tests such as anti-bunching, Bell inequality, etc.
- Demonstrate familiarity with the fundamental concepts and analytic description of light-matter interactions.
- Introductory Quantum Optics by Gerry and Knight (Cambridge)
- The Quantum Theory of Light (Loudon)